Memory (Journalism)
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Journalism is part of the memory genre. It is a way to forward information through various forms of writing. Journalism in America began back in the early 1600's when Captain John Smith published Newes from Virginia[1]. Newsprint continued to dominate over all other sources of information until the 1900's when the Internet became the best way in which to relay information rapidly.

Types of Journalism:

There are 5 types of Journalism which include Newspaper, Magazine, Radio, Television, and the Internet. This wiki will focus primarly on the written type of Journalism.

Newpaper

Germany was the first to print out a news pamplet in 1400's. It wasn't until 1622 when the first newpaper The Weekly Newes was successfully printed. Only a few newspapers existed at first and were only available locally. The American Revoulution turned that around. During the war newpapers experienced an incredible growth and soon newspapers would be available everywhere and anywhere [2].

Writing a Newpaper article:

  • Choose an effective topic, preferably one that interests you or that will interest your reader depending on what kind of article it is.
  • Make sure that topic is researchable.
  • Be sure to write with an effective voice and careful not to repeat many key words that will only cloud the meaning of your article.
  • Write a draft of the article without giving it to much thought, think of it like a freewrite.
  • Your draft should be between 500-800 words
  • Next revise your article by outlining its main points and making sure the title of the article is appropriate.
  • Be sure to include:
  • Introduction- stating the problem or news that will be discussed in the article
  • Body- State solutions to the problem or give a little background information as to why it happend, how it happend, when it happend etc.
  • Conclusion- The conclusion will be basically a brief yet effective summary of everything that was written in your article.
  • References- State your reference either at the end of the article or some like to embed the references into the body of the article, but i prefer to do them seperately.
  • Take a break, usually one day works fine, then come back to the article and revise it to make it flow better.

Magazines

The first magazine was published in 1704 in London. Years later in 1741 Benjamin_Franklin and Andrew_Bradford published the first 2 magazines in America. Both magazines failed miserably as they only lasted six issues and three issues respectively. The magazines did not fail because they were dull, they failed because of the lack of literacy in America and because the audience targeted were intellectuals. The first successfull magazine was the Saturday Evening Post (1821).[3].

Writing a Magazine Article (with Interview):

  • Choose a topic that will require you to search for outside sources.
  • Although the internet is a source, try to get an interview with an expert on your topic.
  • When doing an Interview remember these steps:
  • Be sure that the person you are interviewing is knowledgeable about the topic and that he or she is a credible source.
  • Treat the person with respect and keep eye contact. If the person is famous keep self control and treat them as any other person.
  • After collecting all the data and having all the notes from the interview it is now time to embed them all into the article.
  • Be sure to include all the main things in the article such as an introduction, body, conclusion, and references (See Newspaper article).
  • Be sure to use quotes correctly and introduce the person you interviewed appropriately.
  • Finish writing up your draft and leave it alone for a few hours up to a day.
  • Go back revise the article you wrote and fix any mistakes. Reread your article one last time and check for words that interfere with the flow, meaning, of the article.

Internet

The Internet was first introduced as a means to share scientific data with other scientists through computers. In 1965 DARPA was the first to connect computers using a dial-up connection[6]. Forms of Journalism found on the internet include, but are not limited to blogging

How to Blog:

  • Blogging is basically an online Journal
  • Include a Heading that states your subject or relates to your subject
  • Write the introduction, body, and conclusion of the your subject
  • Include comments throughout the body as if you were having a conversation (this is the important).
  • Include the date and time to show readers how revlevent the topic is.
  • Make sure the topic is not out of date and write about something that is recent. ex. "What i did this morning."

Radio

Henrich_Hertz, was the first to discover radio wavelengths in 1888. In 1894 Guglielmo_Marconi, began testing radio wavelengths and discovered that he could project the wavelengths over a distance of 100 meters and then one mile ).[4].

Speaking on the Radio

  • See Blog
  • Speaking on the radio is like blogging except there is no writing involved. (except for a few notes here and there)
  • Always have a topic in mind and try to cover as many illuminating facts about it.
  • Try to get people to call in to the station in order to keep the conversation going.
  • Speak your mind but keep it clean (no swearing)

Television

The French were the first to show a an actual motion picture. The first television broadcast was not made until 1936 by the Enlish[5]. Television, at first, was primarly used in documentaries of the wars, to show, the sometimes fake, atrocities of the Axis_Powers.

Making a Documentary:

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